Overview, objectives, theme and topics


Romania, European country, is strongly exposed to seismic hazards coming from Vrancea area, likely to affect more than 50% of its national territory. A single occurrence of high magnitude can cause significant trans-border effects in the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine and Bulgaria, as it already happened during the earthquakes in 1940 and 1977, when there were over 1,600 victims and the damages rose to 2 billion USD (World Bank, 1978).

In Bucharest, Romanian’s capital city the post-seismic strategy after March 4, 1977 disaster turned from strengthening and rehabilitation into the demolition of the old affected tissue. The reconstruction of 450 ha of the city affected one third of the urban population. The drama of one’s uprooting, loss of identity, of communities’ destruction left unhealed traces.

The correct reaction to multi-hazard as well as to aggressive contemporary real estate developments requires a fair assessment of the existing built fund that can become the renewable resources, and particularly to the heritage that must be protected as nonrenewable resource.

The conference aims to identify the critical apparatus that would underlie the analysis of the built fund exposed to multi-hazard, as well as to the pressures of developers, within a balanced relation between the cultural and functional value of significance and its value of vulnerability. The objectives will be linked to identifying the methodologies for establishing the urban, architectural and structural intervention decisions that would support the land development in terms of protecting the existing background and the exposed heritage.


The objectives of the conference are:

  • To provide a forum for professionals, researchers and students and post-doc students as means for dissemination and utilization of research results;
  • To support collaborations between researchers and institutions in the promotion and production of multidisciplinary research in protected areas;
  • To recognize meritorious contributions of researchers and institutions;
  • To promote quality research publications as credible sources of scientific literature;
  • Education on reducing the risk of disasters needs to be a component of the development program, by organizing approved groups having an educational role on various levels: the political level (national planners, management directors); community level (community leaders, public, teachers, students, local secular and religious leaders) and the level of volunteers (volunteers in disasters, spontaneous leaders);
  • Transmission of knowledge about architecture structure and urbanism strategies in reducing the risk of disaster from researchers, practitioners, officials to civil communities.
  • Theme

    Reduction of the multi-hazard risk in protected urban areas through architecture, engineering and urbanism strategies for ensuring cities’ resilience.


    Multi-hazard preparation & prevention: Natural and anthropic hazardMultihazard assessmentsPreventive actionHumanitarian ReliefComplex EmergenciesHumanitarian Logistics

    Environment & Ecological Risks: Natural hazardsClimate changeEcosystem viewpointGreen economy

    Technical risks: Critical infrastructureTechnological hazardsCyber securityEnergy supplyNaTech

    Urban risks / Megacities: Critical infrastructureLand use / City planningCentral protected area of cities Early warningEmergency evacuation and shelter managementMobility / transportationCivil protectionExposed elements – building space

    Social / Political risks: Resilient communitiesSocial unrest / social cohesionPopulation exposed to riskPublic securityTerrorismDisplacement / forced migrationCommunity empowerment

    Cultural risk: IdentityPatrimonial value, heritageCommunity cohesionSpatial perception

    Resilience & Vulnerability: FrameworksIndicators: status value of building spaceMarginalizationSocial, cultural, ecological, technical, institutional & economic resilience

    Risk Management: Risk analysis & assessmentsRisk scenarioRisk financing optionsPublic-private partnershipGlobal risk indicatorBest practicesRisk governance and leadershipRisk ethicsResilient measurementsDRR tools – architecture, structure and urban strategiesMaintenance, consolidation, restoration, reconstructionSecurity center for affected peopleEmergency housingTemporary housingPermanent housingPlanned and administrated habitatFinancial tools for risk managementLiving with risk

    Education & Research: Preventive measuresTraining programsRole of the state vs. individual responsibilityMethodologies & tools for DRRBest practice exchangeBuild back betterCulture and diversityResilient education